Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Fearless Human Rights advocate and writer, Arwa Othman honored

Once again, Yemeni women prove their strength in defining strains and their remarkable rigorous work in improving their communities. This time, one of Yemen's leading Human Rights advocates, Arwa Othman has been selected as one of the 2014 recipients of the prestigious Alison Des Forges Award for Extraordinary Activism

Othman, born in Taiz, is on one hand admired by many for her activism and her unconditional solidarity with vulnerable groups - she's a great supporter for minorities' rights in Yemen, i.e. Jews and Muhamasheen. On the other hand, she has been targeted whether through smearing campaigns and/or physical assaults by conservative groups for her outspoken, and sometimes secular, stances against fundamentalism and patriarchy. Othman has always shown powerful critic against religious leaders and corrupt politicians.  

Othman is known for forthright and outspoken writings by her real name which was not the case when she started off writing columns in the local press - she wrote in disguise between 1982-1984. Since then till today, she has published several short stories collections, has been awarded several awards for her literary work and activism, and most importantly, she has been a prolific columnist. 

Here are few stops in Arwa Othman's path in advocating for dignity and human rights:-

(Jan. 2010) an interview with Othman in regard of her establishment the House of Folklore. (read more)

(Apr. 2011) Othman along with women protesters get physically assaulted during a "mixed" rally in Sana'a. (Ar. read more)

(Dec. 2011) Othman receives the 28th international Minerva Anna Maria Mammoliti prize awarded by the Il Club delle Donne association of Italy. (read more)

(Mar. 2013) Othman heads the the Rights and Freedoms Working Group at Yemen's National Dialogue Conference and becomes one of the strong voices in denouncing child marriage issues in Yemen. Watch her speech in the NDC's opening:

And the list goes on.

Arwa Othman is truly one of Yemen's brave voices against human rights violations and a diligent advocate for human dignity in the country. The prize is well-deserved and I wish she gets the proper recognition she deserves in the coming government.

If you're impressed by Othman, you need to know about Bushra Al-Maqtary.

And I'm very proud that Arwa Othamn took a photo of me in "the men's cafe" in Sana'a, 2011. ♥ 

Security forces opened fire with live ammunition without warning against unarmed protesters

*We urge the authorities in Yemen to conduct an independent, prompt and effective investigation into the killing of nine people in Sana’a during the protests that took place on 7 and 9 September. A further 67 people were reported injured, including 33 by live ammunition and others as a result of use of tear gas.

According to interviews conducted by the UN Human Rights Office with injured protestors and witnesses in Sana’a, the protestors were armed only with sticks, stones and umbrellas, and security forces opened fire with live ammunition without warning. To date, no official investigation has been initiated into the alleged excessive use of force. Those killed included a farmer, an ambulance driver, an airport worker and students.

As Yemen faces various internal challenges, it is more crucial than ever that violations of international human rights law are not swept under the carpet. A prompt, impartial investigation will send a strong signal of deterrence to perpetrators of such violations and ensure that victims’ right to justice and remedy is upheld.

We call on all sides of the political divide in Yemen to renounce the use of violence and to participate in the ongoing national processes in order to avoid further instability and bloodshed.

Source: OHCHR

Thursday, September 4, 2014

Yemeni women fight for greater representation

Despite a precarious 30 percent quota for women in government, Yemeni activists say women's rights have been sidelined.

After years of activism, Amal Basha's demands for guarantees of greater representation for women in the political system has finally edged closer to reality.

"Women have been fighting for it for a long time," said the prominent Yemeni human rights advocate, referring to the more than decade-long battle she and others have waged to secure women representation in public office in Yemen.

In the aftermath of the country's 2011 uprising, and over the course of the nation's 10-month National Dialogue Conference (NDC), Basha and other pro-quota NDC delegates were able to secure the endorsement of an article for the nation's new constitution - planned to be ratified later this year -recommending that at least 30 percent of those serving in government should be women.

This quota, proponents have argued, could rectify Yemen's poor track record of female representation in politics and potentially chip away at negative stigmas of women holding positions of power. Read more>>

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

My Blog & My Mom

One day, 2011:
Me: Mom! my blog was featured on CNN.com!!
Mom: Congrats, my dear daughter. May Allah bless you in everything you do. But, Afrah, what is a blog?

Two days ago, 2014:
Mom: Afrah! Afrah! listen, check online about this, Arab Social Media Award! Nominate your blog!
Me: hmmm..

‪#‎WeHaveComeAlongWay‬ ‪#‎Indeed‬

Source: Facebook 

Being a Yemeni

*It takes a lot of effort to process the load that comes with being a Yemeni citizen—whether you are inside or outside the country. You’re constantly trying to walk as a normal person, despite the inner and external hurdles. The world sees you in a pre-defined frame and you even struggle to perceive yourself in a refined view. Headlines in media reveal a gloomy side of Yemen, which has a great extent of truth, and we are portrayed as a land that exists outside the planet. That was an actual suggestion in one of the American TV series, Supernatural. Hence, any attempt to attest that we are more than those portraits becomes extremely hard.

Why does Yemen have to endure all that? I wondered. I thought it would be interesting to search for an answer. I typed in simple search terms into Google (i.e. Why Yemen) and looked into what the auto-fill completed. I ended up with these autocomplete results: “why Yemen is poor,” “why Yemen is important,” “why Yemen is not included in GCC,” and “why Yemen is a failed state.” Then, I regretted my initial question because those questions by Google were not simply arbitrary questions. They were statements.

Yemen might not be important to anyone else but it is certainly important to its nation - at least that is how I like to think, trying to forget reading posts in online forum by Yemenis inside the country, in which they, out of despair, offer their passports for sale. 

Why bother to belong to a land where you feel stepped on. The state doesn't provide you with the least basic services. Why bother to cling to a state where half of your day is wasted on figuring out how to get electricity and water. Why bother to hold on to a state that couldn't protect their own soldiers from being slaughtered, let alone to protect the public. On top of all that, why bother to cling to a state that deprives you from having any sense of dignity.

 For those who dared to seek dignity outside Yemen, it gets confusing for them—even though they hear nothing but horrific news about their homeland, the homesickness would never cease. Yemenis in the diaspora share different forms of hardships like the locals have. They are considered privileged in the eyes of the locals and a source of threat in the eyes of the host land. The Yemeni living abroad struggles in dealing with the humiliation of working as a legal or illegal guest worker while being far away from their own family inside Yemen, or the humiliation of knocking on asylum offices’ doors. If you are in a better off situation, then you belong to the exception. You will be given a life that you know that you were not supposed to have—simple details, like; having electricity and running water 24/7 can be unbelievably blissful yet shocking reality. The most bitter part is receiving questions from people inside Yemen about how to seek asylum in where you live.

Speaking of humiliation, do you know that some of the detainees in the world’s notorious prison, Guantanamo, are Yemenis? Out of the current 149 Guantanamo detainees, dozens of Yemenis are still kept there even though they were approved for release. The horrifying stories about the conditions of these Yemeni detainees speak for themselves. Around three Yemeni detainees have committed suicide in their solitary confinement at Guantanamo since 2006. The most daunting words that came from our Yemeni fellows at Guantanamo were made by Samir Moqbel. In April 2013, the New York Times published a letter he wrote, “Gitmo is killing me.” “I’ve been detained at Guantánamo for 11 years and three months. I have never been charged with any crime. I have never received a trial,” he wrote. “When I was at home in Yemen, in 2000, a childhood friend told me that in Afghanistan I could do better than the $50 a month I earned in a factory, and support my family. I’d never really traveled, and knew nothing about Afghanistan, but I gave it a try.” It's dismaying, how Moqbel's life would have looked like if he was not born into a poor family that represents the majority in Yemen!

Even in the less severe cases, you might have awkward experiences just because you're related to Yemen. A Yemeni man, Khaled Soufyan was stuck for two days at Abu Dhabi's airport a couple months ago just because he was a Yemeni citizen. He found himself in a stalemate as he missed his next flight and it was illegal for him to enter the city without a visa. Another Yemeni-born man, Osama Saleh was awkwardly able to turn his misfortune into fortune. After being punched and bullied by a co-worker who had repeatedly called him “Bin Laden” and “terrorist,” Saleh was finally awarded $4.7 million by a federal jury, earlier this year. And it goes without saying, Yemeni citizens and even foreigners who work in Yemen frequently experience special interrogations at airports.

I think it's useful to reflect on the question, what does it mean to be a Yemeni citizen?

Each detail of that meaning shapes our collective Yemeni consciousness. We experience the world in a special way just because we belong to Yemen. Dismantled from all the world’s frames imposed on us, only our fortitude is what keeps us go on.

*First published in The Yemen Times.